BETTER HEALTH, WATER AND FOOD FOR TANZANIA WITH THE HELP OF NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGIES AND INTERNATIONAL PARTNERS | LUKAZA BLOG

BETTER HEALTH, WATER AND FOOD FOR TANZANIA WITH THE HELP OF NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGIES AND INTERNATIONAL PARTNERS

Science and technological innovations play a fundamental role in assisting African leaders to root causes of poverty, hunger and climat...

Science and
technological innovations play a fundamental role in assisting African leaders to
root causes of poverty, hunger and climate change. It is therefore no surprise
that nuclear science and innovative nuclear technologies are playing a major
role in providing viable solutions to help achieve these targets. It is well
known globally that nuclear technologies have much to offer in the fight against
poverty, hunger, dread diseases, and water shortages, not to mention its
ability to provide sustainable and environmentally friendly electricity.
Let’s take a closer
look these various applications.
Nuclear medicine helps
millions of people across the globe to successfully fight cancer and has reducedthe
mortality rate of non-communicable diseases by one third. Moreover, nuclear
science centers and research facilities are indispensable in the production of
radioisotopes which are used in complex medical treatments. African countries
have already made significant steps in nuclear science development under the
guidance of the United Nation’s International Atomic Energy Authority (IAEA)
and its key member states.
For example, in Zambia
“people can access treatment locally for a fraction of the cost they would pay
by travelling outside the country. More than 17,000 new cases of cancer have
been diagnosed and treated over the last 10 years,” said MulapeKanduza, Chief
medical physicist of the Cancer Diseases Hospital (CDH) in Lusaka.“Without the
assistance of the IAEA, it would have been very difficult for us to set up a
highly technical centre like this one and care for so many patients,” said Dr
Lewis Banda, the CDH’s Senior Medical Superintendent.
IAEA provides training
and seminars to improve cancer management across the globe.With the help of
nuclear technologies Tanzanian doctors can now deliver more precise radiation
treatment to patients with oncological diseases using modern scanning methods previously
not available in the region. These new methods make it possible to treat more
patients than before with more accuracy.
“We now have the
skills to more fully understand the extent of a tumour and ultimately plan
better and more precise treatment for our patients,” said Dr Mark Mseti, a
radiation oncologist at the Ocean Road Cancer Institute in Dar es Salaam, which
receives technical support and equipment through the IAEA. Previously, DrMseti
participated in IAEA training on 3D planning for target volume definition and
contouring for radiotherapy.
Another issue is water
supply. As the population continues to grow rapidly in emerging countries, the
availability of potable water remains one of the most pressing issues for the
mankind. Innovativenuclear technologies can be used to desalinate ocean wateror
to reducecontaminants in contaminated water, making it safe to use.
Water purification and
desalination can be of huge benefit to Tanzania, where it is difficult for many
people in arid regions to access clean water. Implementation of these
technologies is of high importance for the East African country where nearly 23
million people don’t have full access to safe potable water.
And there is a huge
issue of food supply. For decades African nations have suffered the devastating
consequences caused by the tsetse fly. According to the United Nations (UN)
Food and Agriculture Organization the bloodsucking insect kills more than three
million head of livestock in sub-Saharan Africa every year, resulting in more
than US $4 billion in losses in region. With the help of nuclear technologies
Tanzanian island of Zanzibar have already won the battle against the tsetse fly
thanks to the nuclear based sterile insect technique (SIT).Since the  eradication of the tsetse fly in 2014
socio-economic studies have shown that the total number of  all cattle breeds have increase by roughly
38%.Milk production has nearly doubled from 4.6 to 10 liters after the
introduction of nuclear based techniques. Radiation has proved to be an
effective solution for the eradication of many infectious insects on almost
every continent on Earth. SIT has been applied to hundreds of species of fruit
flies, moths, mosquitoes and screwworm flies.
And neighboring Zambia
has drastically increased its maize and other crop varieties productivity using
nuclear techniques to make them more resistant to external factors. Moreover,
nuclear technologies not only made it possible to increase crop productivity
but at the same time reduced negative environmental effects of other
agricultural practices. Now Zambian farmers enjoy better harvests despite
previous downfalls due to climate change and severe droughts.
It is worth noting
that Zambia is well on the way of building its own multipurpose nuclear
scientific center with the help of foreign partners like IAEA and Russian
nuclear corporation Rosatom.Viktor Polikarpov, Rosatom Regional Vice President
for Sub-Saharan Africa, notes: “Radiation treatment of food products is one of
the various applications of the state-of-the-art radiation technologies offered
by Rosatom to its foreign partners. Today about 515 radiation facilities
created with the use of Russian technologies are in operation in 22 countries
worldwide, including the UK, France, Germany, Finland, Japan, China, South
Korea and India”.

Related

Hot Stories 83978651923743886

Post a Comment Default Comments

Tafadhari Maoni Yenye Matusi Hayatakuwa Publish Tutoe Maoni Bila Kuumiza Wala Kujeruhi Hisia Za Mtu.....@(Sponsored By Lukaza Blog)

emo-but-icon

SEDUCE ME BY ALI KIBA

TMT 2016.FILAMU NDIO SISI

Winner ABA 2015

BOOK ME - YOUR JOB NEEDS ME

All Recent Posts

>

Connect Us

item